What will Christmas 2022 look like?

In ‘A Christmas Carol’, the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come transports Scrooge to a Graveside:

The Spirit pointed from the grave to him, and back again. “No, Spirit! Oh, no, no!” The finger was still there. “Spirit!” he cried, tight clutching at his robe, “hear me! I am not the man I was. I will not be the man I must have been but for this intercourse! Why show me this, if I am past all hope!” For the first time the hand appeared to shake.

As we all know, Scrooge mended his ways and Tiny Tim lived.

Where am I going with this? Well, quite simply for the first time in my life I find myself fearful of the future, instead of optimistic (which is my natural-born disposition). Why? Because we appear to be knowingly and willingly creating a two-tiered society.

The Ghost Of Christmas Past

Earlier this year I found the time to rewatch the definitive TV series on World War II, ‘World at War’, narrated by the incomparable Sir Laurence Olivier. I recommend it to anyone since I consider it so important to know, remember and learn from history so we can avoid making the mistakes of the past. The first episode, a New Germany (1933-1939) jumped out at me since the parallels with 2021 were as obvious as they were horrifying. (You can watch it on Youtube here).

What I found horrifying was how seemingly civil and Christian society could so quickly reach a place where the segregation and de-humanisation of one sector of society were not just acceptable but actually considered correct by the majority of people.

It started with small things – not being allowed entry into shops for example. It was then accelerated with the story that these people – and these people alone – were responsible for the spread of Typhus. From that point, it was perfectly natural that they should be segregated, after all, they were unclean and therefore a danger to the rest of the population. At that point, they became second-tier citizens, dehumanised, and thereafter it was relatively straightforward to intern them.

We all know what happened to the Jews after that, and not just the German Jews.

The Ghost of Christmas Present

Fast forward 80 years or so. Does any of the above sound familiar? No? Allow me to spell it out.

  • Long-time journalist and former editor of the Times Andrew Neil: ‘It’s time to punish Britain’s five million vaccine refuseniks: They put us all at risk of more restrictions. So why shouldn’t we curb some of their freedoms?’ He calls the unvaccinated ‘ignorant, irresponsible and stupid’. He ends by saying: ‘By all means exercise your rights. But beware of the consequences.’ Full article here.
  • Journalist Karren Brady: ‘Make the unjabbed face their own lockdown so we can live our lives’ Full article here.
  • Health Secretary Sajid Javid: ‘Sajid Javid blasts anti-vaxxer Brits for ‘taking up hospital beds’ as more than 5 MILLION people still refuse Covid jab’ Full article here.

Anti-vaxxers. Refuseniks. It’s all their fault that the rest of the population are being subjected to these restrictions. It’s all their fault that the hospitals are overflowing. They’re selfish.

I hold a First-class joint honours degree in engineering and a Masters degree – with distinction – from two leading UK Universities. Many of you know me. I took one jab and will take no more. Do I strike you as ignorant, irresponsible and stupid?

40,000 care workers in the UK lost their jobs in November 2021 for refusing to be jabbed. At least 100,000 in the UK National Health Service will lose their jobs in April 2022 unless they get the jab (which now means 3 at the moment, by then it may well be 4 – Javid has stated it will likely be 3 boosters a year).

Take the jab or lose your job. They chose to lose their jobs and livelihoods. They are brave and principled people.

Take the jab or be restricted in your daily life. At the moment it’s Nightclubs and large venues (eg football matches). What next? Cinemas? Gyms and sports clubs? Supermarkets? Where does it end?

And that’s my point. Once you start imposing restrictions on one sector of society, there is actually no end to what can be imposed on them.

I asked a friend recently that surely he would agree that Apartheid in South Africa was wrong on every level. His answer was ‘you can’t catch being black’. And therein lies the problem. The narrative that the ‘anti-vaxxers’ (I prefer pro-freedom-of-choice myself) are responsible for the spread of Covid and the strain on healthcare and all the restrictions on society is taking hold.

Let me be clear. THEY ARE NOT. Anyone – vaxxed or unvaxxed alike can catch and spread Covid. Even Boris Johnson has said this. The people actually responsible for the restrictions on your life are the Government and their Advisors. No-one else. As Neil Oliver so eloquently put it, we are in an abusive relationship with our Government.

Do it to Julia! Not to me!’ screamed Winston Smith at the end of 1984, when the rats were within millimetres of his face.

Do it to the anti-vaxxers, not to me! Anyway, THEY DESERVE IT’.

The Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come.

So, when you are sitting down for Christmas dinner this Christmas Day, I ask you to consider this. How do you want Christmas Day in 2022 to look? It seems to me there are two possibilities:

  1. We will have returned to civilised and sane society. We will have rejected the curbs on our freedoms in their entirety for everyone in society.
  2. We will have allowed this to continue. Austria is mandating vaccinations for all from February 2022. Germany seems likely to follow-suit. Those who do not comply will be asset-stripped (through punitive fines) and jailed. The irony of the this would be hilarious if it wasn’t so horrifying. The countries that were the birthplace of the Holocaust are creating a new underclass. The problem this time around is that Britain isn’t standing in opposition. Britain is going along with it. Australia is quarantining – in camps – aboriginals who refuse the jab, with reports of forced vaccinations taking place. What will Britain look like once the narrative that ‘the restrictions are all the fault of those anti-vaxxers’ has taken firm hold?

As C S Lewis puts it in his chapter on Charity in his superlative book ‘Mere Christianity’: ‘The Germans, perhaps, at first ill-treated the Jews because they hated them: afterwards they hated them much more because they had ill-treated them. The more cruel you are, the more you hate, the more cruel you will become – and so in on a vicious circle forever.’

So how do you want next Christmas to look? It isn’t up to the Government, or their advisors. There were 100,000 Germans who turned a blind eye for each Oskar Schindler.

It’s actually up to you.

I wish you and your loved ones a blessed Christmas and Happy 2022.


Best films, tv and music of 2018

As we approach the end of 2018 (seriously, where did the year go?) I thought I would share some of my personal favourite movies, tv, music etc. If you haven’t yet seen or heard these I can thoroughly recommend them.

Best music of 2018

Best live performance

I was fortunate to continue my bucket-list of seeing my favourite musicians. This year I managed Eric Clapton, Santana, Jeff Lynne and ELO, and an array of stars at the Austin City Limits festival, including Paul McCartney.

Paul McCartney’s live concert from Grand Central Station in NYC warrants 2 hours of anyone’s time, it was captivating. Nonetheless, I have to give the best live performance of the year to ‘the Revolution’. They were Prince’s band, and they continue to tour. I saw them at ACL and they took the roof off. One hour of back-to-back Prince hits. Brilliant.

Best Americana

They’ve been around for over ten years, but Houndmouth really caught my attention this year. Great new album to add to a catalogue of great music. If you haven’t heard any of their music, start with ‘Sedona’ and go from there.

Best movie song

So much choice from the movies this year. I loved Lady Gaga’s ‘Always Remember’ but for me, it has to be Bradley Cooper’s ‘maybe it’s time’. Simple, raw, acoustic. Excellent.

Best album

I have to cop-out and go for two.

The Struts are the spiritual successors to Queen. ‘Young and Dangerous’ is a fantastic album full of energy, with some stand-out tracks including ‘Primadonna like me’. Love it.

And speaking of spiritual successors, who said Rock was dead?

Like Led Zep? Then you’ll love Greta van Fleet. ‘From the Fires’ has echoes of all the major metal bands. Start with the ‘Highway Song’. You’ll be hooked.

Best song

Some terrific stuff this year, but sticking with the throwback theme, think of the Beatles and some of the fun they used to have. Bob Dylan thought the chorus to ‘I wanna hold your hand’ was ‘I get high’. Pure coincidence according to the Beatles. ‘A day in the life’ with ‘I’d love to turn you on’ resulted in bans on some US radio stations.

Fast forward to 2018 and a 76-year-old rock star gets another song banned on some US radio stations. Paul McCartney is adamant that in the intro to the chorus of ‘Fuh you’ he sings ‘I just wan it fuh you’, not something else…

Draw your own conclusions, but lyric-debate aside it’s also a terrific song from his album ‘Egypt Station’.

Best TV of 2018

There were a lot of quite superb shows this year. The continued development of content from the online and paid-cable providers has given the TV industry a huge boost and leap forward in the quality of shows. These were my favourites:

Line of Duty

This BBC police drama just gets better and better. This time around the protagonist was played by Thandie Newton, and wow did she make us hate her! Brilliant series, unmissable.

Casa de Papel (money heist)

Technically not a 2018 series, but Netflix have been promoting it of late and so this was the first time I came across it. Spanish series about a fictional robbery of the Royal Mint. This series is a classic ‘binge’ series. Once you watch the first episode you simply can’t stop. Brilliant.


This Netflix documentary isn’t quite what you might expect from the title. Yes, dogs play a key role in each standalone episode (there are 6), but it is far away from the standard ‘man’s best friend’ approach that is usually taken.

Rather it focuses on the role of dogs in some societies, as well as some individual stories which are astonishingly thought-provoking. For example, one story covers a Syrian refugee in Germany, who had to leave his dog behind. He resolves to bring his dog to his new home in Berlin. An astonishing story set in the backdrop of the modern-day horror story that is the Syrian civil war.

Absolutely unmissable whether you’re a dog person or not.

Best Movies

No surprise to anyone who knows me and my love of music by Queen. The much delayed ‘Bohemian Rhapsody’ was finally released, telling the story of Freddie Mercury. Brilliant movie, but not the best of the year…

Best Christmas movie

I’m surprised to be including a Christmas movie on the list, but we have a new Christmas classic on our hands. The Christmas Chronicles stars Kurt Russell as Santa Claus, and he absolutely nails it! Terrific fun, lots of laughs and one of the best jailhouse music scenes since the Blues Brothers. Look out for the cameo Mrs. Claus at the end… if you only see one movie this Xmas make it this one.

Best movie of 2018

When I first heard this movie was being made I was deeply sceptical. I mean, we had a remake in the 1960’s with James Mason and Liza Minnelli. It was a good film, but the most remarkable aspect was the on-screen role reversal of the stars since in real life James Mason was the rising star.

Then we had a 1970’s remake with Kris Kristofferson and Barbara Streisand. Streisand’s performance of ‘Evergreen’ was and is one of the greatest individual popular singing performances of all time, but that aside the film was pretty mediocre.

So step up Bradley Cooper to direct and star in yet another remake of ‘A Star is Born’. Not much director pedigree and limited acting pedigree from his co-star, Lady Gaga. ‘Another cynical Hollywood money maker’ was my take.

How wrong can you be. This wasn’t just the best film of 2018, it belongs in the top 100 ‘best of all time’. The direction, the screenplay, the performances, wow. Bradley Cooper put in the performance of his life as the waning star. Understated and superb. It was matched by his direction of the movie, which was flawless.

All of this would be good enough to get people raving about it. But then you have Lady Gaga. She simply owns the movie. Great music as you would expect, but the vulnerability and presence she brings to ‘Ally’ was perfect. An astonishing performance. If this movie sweeps the Oscars it will be well deserved.

If you have any favourites from the year that I haven’t listed above let me know! Always looking out for recommendations!

Life lessons when you least expect them

I’m writing this blog whilst still in the middle of flight delays en route from the BVI to the UK. Basically, last night my transatlantic flight from Miami to London was canceled after 7 hours of delaying it, with the upshot that I didn’t get to a hotel until nearly 3AM this morning, knowing I had to start over the following day. Not a happy thought having spent all day getting to Miami from the BVI.

Anyway, what am I writing about in this blog? Well, although it may have started out as if I’m going to write an ‘airlines-are-rubbish’ rant (and I’m tempted!), that’s not what it’s about.

Certainly, I observed plenty of customer-service failings from American Airlines last night. They’re frustrating to experience but also frustrating from an observational perspective. By this, I mean AA (and they’re not alone in the airline industry) don’t seem to learn the lessons and keep making the same basic customer service errors over and over.

From a business perspective that’s frustrating, because handling these situations better can so easily be addressed through processes, procedures and staff training. It actually gave me pause to consider my own businesses and our own customer-training programs. I had 7 hours stuck in Miami airport to think about it, and I concluded I can do a lot better in my own businesses too. So, I will be implementing new, ongoing customer and sales-related training programmes from next week.

But that’s also not what this blog piece is about.

At around 2AM this morning, when American finally canceled my flight, they sorted out a hotel voucher, downtown shuttle voucher and some food vouchers for my unscheduled and unwelcome overnight stay in Miami. At the same time, they also re-arranged today’s flights to the UK (the first one of which I’m on as I write).

The young lady from AA who helped me with my rearranged flights and hotel was wearing a Columbian football shirt. I made a joke that even though she’d been very helpful, I would still be rooting for England to ‘kick Columbia’s ass’ in their forthcoming World Cup match. Judging by the strange look she gave me, I think she may have thought I’d said I wanted to kick her ass, or something that sounded similar…

I left quickly, resolving to stop trying to make jokes, clearly not my forte… So, I headed out of the airport and into a taxi for downtown Miami.

It was a quiet ride, as you would expect at that time of the morning, but it slowed down once we got downtown since there were overnight roadworks, traffic lights etc. I was tired, fed-up and generally unhappy with my lot in life. Not far from the hotel, on one of the stops for traffic lights, I looked out of the taxi window to my right.

On the other side of the road was a bench seat, I think for a bus stop. It had fixed armrests, making it a three-seater and impossible to lie down on. On one end was a homeless man, sat in the seat, head propped on his arm, trying to sleep as best he could in a seated position. It looked remarkably like the 300 or so passengers I had just spent 7 hours with in Miami airport. Sat on uncomfortable seats, trying to get some rest whilst seated upright.

There was, of course, one obvious difference. This man was not waiting for a flight. Nor a bus. He was homeless and simply trying to get some sleep.

It hit me like a sledgehammer. What the hell was I feeling so fed-up about? I had a flight delay and cancellation? I was going to be a day late getting back to the UK? What exactly had I suffered? I missed my train in England and I had been looking forward to a pint of real ale in the evening sun at my local pub in Harrogate. That would now have to wait 24 hours. That’s all I ‘suffered’.

Comparable? Not even in the same universe. I was about to pull into a hotel – compliments of American Airlines – and spend a few hours in cossetted comfort. The homeless man was spending the night on a park bench, trying to sleep in a seated position.

I will probably never meet the man that I saw sleeping on a bench in Downtown Miami at 230AM on a balmy June evening in 2018. He certainly has no idea I exist. Nonetheless, I’ll never forget him, nor the timely reminder of one of life’s most important lessons.


Turning Science Fiction into Science Fact (When Vision, Strategy and Execution meet)

Over the Christmas period, I took the opportunity of some time-out to read Ashley Vance’s excellent biography of Elon Musk, the founder of Space X and Tesla motor vehicles.

It’s a riveting read for anyone with an interest in business, notably anyone starting out with a business idea. Mr. Musk made his first fortune thanks to his involvement with Paypal, and that in itself is a great story. Where his story becomes even more interesting is with Tesla and Space X.

Thanks to his divestment of his shareholding in Paypal, he enjoyed significant advantages over most business people. However, instead of investing his fortune and choosing to live a quiet life, he has bet the lot on his vision(s)- Cost-effective renewable energy in the form of electric cars and solar energy, and a Mars colony with 1 million people.

I’ll come to the visions later, for now, let’s consider the risks he has taken and continues to take. Most entrepreneurs start their business with nothing, or perhaps some hard-earned savings. Certainly, when they establish their business they are taking a risk – the percentages of first-year failures would make most people consider a career playing Las Vegas casinos rather than starting their own business. However, if you start the business with very little of your own funds, the only risk is your time and your reputation. If it fails you can always go and get a job or try again. Even if a business succeeds, most people can only dream of making the kind of fortune that Mr. Musk made at Paypal, and would be delighted and probably content if they did so.

Mr. Musk was not content. He bet his hard-won fortune on electric cars, solar panels, and building spaceships. Each of those industries represents an incredible challenge – and risk. He has ‘tripled down’.

Electric Cars

Electric cars have always suffered from a poor reputation. Batteries have always represented a significant constraint – electric vehicles can’t travel very far and as a result car designs have always been compromised so that the car is even less desirable. Elon Musk determined to:

  • Develop battery technology to make electric cars comparable with fossil-fuelled cars for the distance they can cover.
  • Develop fast-charging so ‘re-fuelling’ stops are not overnight, but a coffee-break
  • Develop a car that would be desirable in its own right, not simply because of its environmental credentials

Against incredible odds, and verging on bankruptcy more than once, he has succeeded. The Tesla Model S has been voted – by every notable motoring journal – one of the best cars in the world. Even the flag-bearers of petrol-heads, Top Gear, said “Arguably the biggest step forward for EVs since the Prius, Tesla shows cylinders may have had their day“. The Tesla 3, an affordable saloon car, is on the verge of mass production.

Rather than being wiped out by existing car manufacturers and their economies of scale, Tesla is now leading in the key area of battery technology. They already have supply / licensing agreements for battery technology with several leading global manufacturers.

Solar Panels

US-based Solar City was founded by Elon Musk’s cousins and he is Chairman of the company. SolarCity was the leading residential solar installer in the U.S. Subsequently Tesla bought the business to realise the inherent synergies with Electric Cars.

At a time when solar panel manufacturing has been dominated by China, thanks to cheap manufacturing, the success of Solar City is also against the odds. Their focus on improving all aspects of solar panel technology has given them a huge lead over the competition.

Sound familiar? They now offer solar roof panels, which look like normal roof panels but are in fact solar. Coupled with their Powerwall electricity storage system, they are forecast to revolutionise de-centralised energy supply.

But where is the synergy with Tesla? Well, Powerwall has battery technology so there’s that. However, the real synergy became apparent with Tesla’s recent infrastructure announcement.

Critics of electric cars used to cite the short distances electric cars could travel between charges as a reason they would never become mainstream. Tesla has solved that problem. So now the critics say there aren’t enough charging points – you can’t drive from L.A. to New York. Not anymore. Tesla is building an infrastructure of charging stations across the USA. 45 minutes to charge your car, so stop and have a rest, coffee, lunch, pretty much the same as any other service station.

What about people who just want to ‘refuel’? Well, Tesla will offer a battery swap-out in the same time it would take to fill a conventional petroleum-fueled car, at around the same price. The choice is yours!

And the synergy? The charging stations will be powered by Solar Panels. No prizes for working out who will be supplying them.

Space X

This is where we really move into Science Fiction becoming Science Fact. The story of Space X and it’s development of space rockets is well worth a read of anybody’s time. As I write this piece, preparations are underway for the launch of the Falcon 9 rocket, which will be the largest in the world. Its payload includes Elon Musk’s own Tesla Roadster – one of the first Tesla’s ever built. If the launch is successful, the Tesla will be placed into orbit around Mars.

I’m not making this up! This is really happening, right now, 2018.

And the synergy? Well, when we get to Mars (not “if”) we’ll need power and transport. There are no oil refineries on Mars. What do you think we’ll be using for electricity and to get around?

In conclusion

I must confess I was a doubter for many years. I couldn’t see how a start-up company could build a mass-production electric car. Certainly not one based in the US with a high-cost base. Certainly not when all the major car manufacturers have huge economies of scale, vast development teams and unlimited budgets.

Similarly with solar. How to compete with the low-cost Chinese supply?

As for Space rockets, well that just seemed like a ‘do not pass go’ route to bankruptcy.

I’m not a doubter anymore. For sure he’s been lucky. But determination, vision and focus have won out. The world needs people like this. If we can get some Elon Musk’s into other fields, notably the environment and healthcare (and I see Jeff Bezos and Warren Buffet are starting to for the latter), there is real hope for the future of planet Earth and humanity.

If not, well thanks to Elon Musk we may well all have a fall-back plan.

Life on Mars.





Mobile Application Security

State of Application Security Report – Precis

We’ve extracted and summarised the salient points from the latest State of Application Security Report for Financial Services. If you wish to read and download the whole report from Arxan you can do so here.

Key Findings

Financial services organizations are among the top targets of hackers seeking high-value payment data, intellectual property, and other sensitive information.

  • Forty-one percent of mobile finance app users expect their finance apps to be hacked within the next six months
  • 50% of organizations have zero budget allocated for mobile app security
  • Employee, customer, and “soft” IP data are the top three targets of cyber-attacks in the financial services market
  • theft of “hard” intellectual property soared 183% in 2015


Vulnerability assessments were conducted on 55 mobile finance apps in the US, UK, Germany, and Japan. The vulnerability assessments were based on the Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) Top 10 Mobile Risks. Here is what they found:

  • 92% of the mobile finance apps tested were not addressing at least two OWASP Mobile Top 10 Risks
  • Lack of binary protection (98%) – this was the most prevalent vulnerability
  • Insufficient transport layer protection (91%).

These vulnerabilities make applications susceptible to reverse-engineering and tampering, in addition to privacy violations and identity theft.


For financial service organisations:

  • Strengthen the weakest links
  • Make security a source of competitive advantage
  • Align spending with risks

For customers:

  • Get apps only from authorized app stores
  • Don’t jailbreak or root mobile devices
  • Demand more transparency about the security of the apps you are using

If you wish to read and download the whole report from Arxan you can do so here.

“DROWN” Security Vulnerability

IT Security Vulnerability – “DROWN”

Another website vulnerability has come to light, called the Drown attack.

It is a hacking technique that makes even (Supposedly secure) https:// websites vulnerable. Researchers in the US, Germany and Israel believe that one third of websites using the HTTPS protocol are vulnerable.

This means hackers can obtain passwords, credit card information, emails and sensitive documents. Therefore financial institutions and online retailers should pay particular attention to this latest threat.

The current recommendation is that Administrators of vulnerable servers and websites need to take action. There is nothing practical that browsers or end-users can do on their own to protect against this attack.

If you want to know if a website is vulnerable before you use it, you can do so with this free testing tool. Should you have any further concerns you should contact your network and website administrators to determine the actions to take to protect against the threat.

How to avoid online scams

Action Fraud (a cyber crime reporting organisation), report that individuals and businesses lost over $25m during the Christmas period 2014 through online fraud.

So what can you do to protect yourself? Well, be aware. In this piece I’ve set out a few examples of how criminals may attempt to steal from you online, and how to spot and avoid them.

Look out for fake websites

Criminals are making replicas of genuine websites, “selling” products that never turn up. Mobile phones are the most common product to be scammed in this way.

How to spot it: 

  • Do they have an address and phone number? Google it and ring them up.
  • Check the URL to be sure it is the correct name for the retailer. On the payment page it should be secure – check for a padlock in the search bar.


Beware of “Phishing” Emails

These are emails that appear to be from familiar companies (e.g. Amazon, Apple) or retailers you have accounts with. They can be very convincing – take a look at the picture below purported to be from Amazon.



Clicking on embedded links or attachments in emails like this can lead you to malicious websites that could track your online activity and access passwords. Alternatively you could end up on a fake website which asks for your details.

How to spot it: 

  • Legitimate retailers won’t ask for your bank information or passwords in an email
  • Generic way of addressing you (“Dear Customers” above)
  • Strange email addresses, spelling mistakes, bad grammar

What to do:

  • Mark it as spam or junk
  • Do not click on any links, nor download any attachments
  • If you were expecting something from the retailer but you’re not certain this is it, contact them independently through their website or by telephone


Does it seem too good to be true?

Have you just received a $250 voucher by email? Maybe there’s a free offer on Facebook – for example have you seen those Ray Ban Sunglasses “deals”?

And be on the lookout for pyramid schemes – they are still around believe it or not. Typically something like send $10 to a friend and receive dozens of gifts in return.

How to spot it: 

  • It’s unlikely your real Facebook friends will want to get you a deal on Ray Ban sunglasses

What to do:

  • Don’t click
  • Check what Apps you’re subscribed to and remove all but the ones you know and trust

As in all things – if it seems too good to be true – IT IS!

Happy shopping…!

Technology leap frogging

I attended an excellent presentation at a BVI Chamber of Commerce luncheon recently. One of the topics addressed was the requirement to upgrade infrastructure in the British Virgin Islands, notably internet speeds.

During the Q&A session at the end, there were comments about the fact that the best internet download speeds achievable in the BVI are around 5Mbps, the average being typically less than 1MBps. Presently the fastest speeds are in South Korea, achieving an average of 22.2 Mbps. This was rightly cited as an area for immediate improvement in the BVI, and the need to catch up to retain competitiveness.

I would like to propose a reframing of this vision from catch-up to leap-frog, not least because the BVI is chasing a moving target. I was reminded of the several occasions I spent on business in East and West Africa around ten years ago.

African Leap-Frogs

Africa is a developing continent, but on my first visits to nations in the Eat and West I was filled with admiration with their telecommunications infrastructure. Whilst the major cities and towns enjoyed land-line telephone access (to an extent), once you travelled outside them into the bush almost no such infrastructure existed. This struck me as a major challenge, but I quickly realised that was not the case.

With the advent of mobile (cell) telephones, the infrastructure focus was simply on setting up relay stations with masts and independent power across the countries.

Solar-powered mobile base station in Niger

So all people needed was a mobile (cell) phone and they had communication in place. Furthermore, I was struck by the quality of the networks.

On an 8 hour drive from Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) due West into the interior I did not lose cell-phone coverage once. In fact there were only a couple of occasions where the signal dropped from 5 bars (and then only down to 4). At the time there were still large swathes of the United Kingdom that did not have mobile phone coverage. (My phone still dropped out on a section of the A1 motorway during a recent visit).

This was a perfect example of technology leap-frog. Instead of applying a traditional solution to the problem, African nations embraced the latest technology and deployed it to excellent effect. So-called developed nations would do well to follow this example.

UK leap-frogs (or not)

Opportunities abound. Take the High-Speed Two (HST) rail link in the UK; this has been a political football for twenty years and is still being debated and contested. Whilst the arguments continue, the existing rail infrastructure – some of which is built on lines opened in 1850 (yes 165 years ago) – is crumbling.

In my view the debate is moot; new rail links are required, so let’s get on with it. The real argument should be about what technology to deploy.

The UK has the slowest inter-city rail links in Western Europe. When HS2 commences in 2025 it will still be slowest.

The first HST link is due to open in 2025; the train designs are not confirmed but they will be a Eurostar/TGV/Shinkansen standard, achieving 250 kph (woohoo!). Is this better than what presently exists in Britain? Certainly. But 600 kph train technology exists today and is being implemented across the Far East. Imagine what will be available in ten years time (take a look at Elon Musk’s plans here). The UK is missing a huge opportunity to make a technology leap-frog in my view.

BVI Leap Frogs – the opportunity

Which brings me back to my start point – internet speeds in the BVI. The world record for internet speed is presently held by BT in the UK, who in January 2014 achieved a speed of 1.4 terabits per second (1,400,000 Mbps). Although this was an R&D test, what was notable was they achieved this on a standard optical fibre network – the same kind of fibre that is presently being laid in the BVI.

So in the not-to-distant future the UK and Europe will be able to easily achieve 1000Mbps speeds – 200 times faster than the present best speeds in the BVI.

So, the technology exists – let’s use it. Let’s set our sights on 1,000Mbps plus in the BVI and leap frog the Caribbean and the global offshore jurisdictions.

In fact, let’s leap frog the rest of the world.

Did he or didn’t he?

That’s the question exercising IT and cyber anaylsts over the claims by hacker Chris Roberts that he accessed in-flight entertainment and flight systems from his seat. The claims have been derided by Boeing and aviation experts.

Whatever the outcome, it highlights that this is a major security concern. This hacker claimed to have gained control from his passenger seat; but many airlines have now introduced wifi to their aircraft too, a service that is gradually rolling-out globally. So could someone hack into an airliner’s controls from the ground via wifi? Or on-board the aircraft as claimed by Mr Roberts?

I’ve worked in software all my life, and my view is that any system can be hacked. We tend to think of software-based systems as something operated by computers, electronic devices, microprocessors etc. Thinking this way can lead us to lose sight of the fundamental fact that all systems are designed and built by human beings, and therefore subject to human error and oversight. Airliners have proved all-too horrifically to be one of the terrorist’s weapons of choice.

New aircraft designs use TCP/IP technology for the main aircraft backbone, connecting flight-critical avionics and passenger information and entertainment systems in a manner that virtually makes the aircraft an airborne, interconnected network domain server.

There are and should be very real security concerns with this. One key to mitigating the threat will be ensuring that all systems related to flying the aircraft are an “island” – i.e. completely isolated from the non-essential flying systems.

Although Mr Robert’s claims have been dismissed, it seems he may have highlighted a very real achilles heal in the systems. If he is to believed, the IES was in fact connected to the avionics. If that is the case, then a way-in could be found.


There is presently a targeted E-Mail Phishing campaign against the British Virgin Islands with someone using LIME as the mechanism. They have cloned the Lime Email login site.

The actual website that users get sent to is hosted in Greece and they are harvesting email and password information from users that log in.

The picture below shows what the email looks like. If you receive an email like this DO NOT CLICK ANY LINKS! Delete it immediately.

Lime Phishing Email

The following pictures show the source code being used in the attack and the email script.

Lime Phishing

This is the Source Code:

Lime Phishing Source

As ever, remain vigilant. If you have even the slightest doubt over the veracity of an email, delete it and contact the company directly.